The Crawford Power Generating Station was the largest of five power stations serving the City of Chicago beginning in the 1920s.
Built in 1924, it began operating in 1925 as a coal-fired power plant on 70 acres in Chicago’s Southwest side. The station provided storage for over 300,000 tons of coal and produced 532 megawatts of power.
Crawford was acquired in 1999 by Midwest Generation when the company was founded.
Midwest Generation also owned and operated the nearby Fisk Generating Station. At their peak, the two plants produced power for nearly one million homes.
Crawford Station was closed in 2012 after a 12-year discussion process with the neighborhood over environmental issues. According to news reports, Midwest Generation determined that the environmental retrofits needed to meet the current federal air quality standards were too costly.
The site has been dormant since Midwest Generation filed for bankruptcy in December 2012. In 2014, NRG Energy purchased both the Crawford and Fisk sites.
December 29, 2017, Hilco Redevelopment Partners closed on the purchase of the Crawford Generating site.
Exchange55, a state-of-the-art logistics facility, was completed in early 2021. It now serves as an economic engine for the neighborhood and a model of what sustainable redevelopment can look like. In December 2019, Target leased the space and HRP handed it over in July of 2021. Target has been operational since.